By Alan C. L. Yu
This ebook provides the 1st cross-linguistic learn of the phenomenon of infixation, as a rule linked in English with phrases like "im-bloody-possible", and located in all of the world's significant linguistic households. Infixation is a critical puzzle in prosodic morphology: Professor Yu explores its prosodic, phonological, and morphological features, considers its various services, and formulates a common thought to give an explanation for the foundations and constraints through which it's ruled. He examines 154 infixation styles from over 100 languages, together with examples from Asia, Europe, Africa, New Guinea, and South the US. He compares the formal homes of alternative types of infix, explores the diversity of diachronic pathways that bring about them, and considers the techniques during which they're bought in first language studying. A valuable argument of the booklet issues the concept the typological developments of language should be traced again to its origins and to the mechanisms of language transmission. The publication therefore combines the historical past of infixation with an exploration of the function diachronic and useful components play in synchronic argumentation: it really is an exemplary example of the holistic method of linguistic explanation.Alan Yu's pioneering research will curiosity phonologists and morphologists of all theoretical persuasions, in addition to typologists and historic linguists.
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Additional resources for A Natural History of Infixation (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics)
Num F c. ∅ OCP-um ALIGN-BY-σ MPARSE ALIGN-BY-SEG * *! *! * * While it is possible to contrive a solution to the hyperinWxation problem, it nonetheless misses the mark. To the best of my knowledge, hyperinWxation is not attested in any of the world’s languages. 15 To be sure, the hyperinWxation problem is really a problem for the OT approach to Prosodic Morphology in general. , Akinlabi 1996), displays what appears to be ‘hyperinWxation’. However, the viability of this featural alignment What is inWxation?
To be sure, the ability for an aYx to subcategorize for a phonological constituent is not unique to inWxes. Adpositional aYxes often have phonological subcategorization requirements as well. A typology of subcategorization types and examples of each type are given in (23). (23) Subcategorization Morphological (Adpositional aYx) Morphological/Phonological Phonological (InWx) Examples English nominalizing -ness German perfective participle geEnglish ma-inWxation, Ulwa ka-inWxation From the perspective of learning, phonological subcategorization takes place under two scenarios.
16 According to Martin and Munro (2005), an epenthetic i is inserted before consonant clusters in Alabama and Koasati while a copy of the preceded vowel is inserted in the Western languages. 42 What is inWxation? o? ¸ipo meko? kwepo? o? ¸i¸po me¸ko? kwe¸po? , in Alabama *lo:ti or *o:til instead of o:lti ‘kindling’). Similarly, in Archi, a Daghestanian language spoken in the Caucasus, the number/class markers, -w-, -r-, and -b-, always appear after the Wrst vowel of the stem, regardless of whether the stem is vowel-initial or vowel-Wnal (Kibrik and Kodzasov 1988).
A Natural History of Infixation (Oxford Studies in Theoretical Linguistics) by Alan C. L. Yu