New PDF release: A sketch of Solon grammar

By Tsumagari, Toshiro

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Thus (14'a) is true, but (14'b) is false: (14') a. If A and B were merged, then A C-commands B and B Ccommands A. b. If A C-commands B, then A and B were merged. Y, but Da was merged with neither the head Vlikes nor the complement Dit As a solution to this problem confronting our attempt to entirely deduce representational C-command from Merge, we make the following observation: notice that although Da was not merged with Viikes nor with Dit, Da was merged with Vb. But now recall that Vb = {V likes ={ v likes, D i t } } consists of three terms: (1) {Vb [Vlikes, D i t }} (the whole Vb subtree in (15)), (2) Viikes, and (3) Dit.

Q: Why doesn't X C-command the first branching node dominating X, but instead only the categories dominated by the first branching node. A: X was not paired with the first branching node dominating X, by Merge or by Move. c. Q: Why is branching node relevant? A: Assuming bare phrase-structure (Chomsky 1994), no category is dominated by a nonbranching node: Free Projection (as in Chomsky (1993)) is eliminated. Structure Building (Merge and Move) consists of pairing; hence it invariably generates binary branching .

And and Blocking Category Z is a blocking category for Y iff i. Z is not L-marked, ii. Z dominates Y. L-marks X L-marks Y iff X is a lexical category that theta-governs Y. Theta-Government X theta-governs Y iff i. X is a zero-level category, ii. X theta-marks Y, iii. X and Y are sisters. While such an approach constitutes an impressive, highly explicit, and unified analysis of a number of seemingly very disparate syntactic phenomena, it arguably suffers from the four problems noted in A-D above.

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A sketch of Solon grammar by Tsumagari, Toshiro

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