By Isabel Pavão Martins, A. Castro-Caldas, Hugo R. van Dongen, Anne van Hout
One of the main interesting difficulties in Behavioural Neurology is the query of the cerebral association for language in the course of youth. obtained aphasia in young children, albeit infrequent, is a special situation during which to check the relatives among language and the mind in the course of cerebral maturation. Its examine additional contributes to our realizing of the restoration approaches and mind plasticity in the course of formative years. yet whereas there's a large amount of data and experimental paintings on brain-behaviour relationships in grownup matters, the literature in regards to the results of focal mind lesions in young ones is either exiguous and scattered all through medical journals and books. We felt it was once time to prepare a gathering the place scientists during this box may possibly examine their stories and speak about principles coming from assorted components of study. A workshop on obtained Aphasia in young children was once held in Sintra, Portugal, on September 13-15, 1990, and attended via forty four contributors from thirteen differents nations. the ambience used to be cozy and casual and the crowd used to be saved small to accomplish this impression. It was once a truly vigorous and delightful assembly. a few consensus was once certainly arrived at referring to methodological difficulties, definition of phrases, and directions for destiny learn. the most contributions are gathered during this ebook which, we are hoping, will serve the clinical neighborhood as a reference paintings on early life Aphasia. I,P.M., AC.C.
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Additional info for Acquired Aphasia in Children: Acquisition and Breakdown of Language in the Developing Brain
This is the classic lesion location to produce the adult alexia without agraphia syndrome. The almost complete absence of surrounding gliosis on other appropriate scan indicated the early-life origin of the injury. Anatomically more extensive abnormalities were elicited by the auditory and visual evoked response portion of brain electrical activity mapping (BEAM). The abnormalities were centered in the more lateral portion of the posterior left temporal lobe. Table 1 shows a summary of the results of neuropsychological testing.
In summary, these and other studies explicitly examine the variability across individuals in the timing and style of the achievement of linguistic milestones. Such work reinforces the idea that all children do not solve the problem of language acquisition in exactly the same way. However, with the help of tools such as the MacArthur parental report instruments, in conjunction with fine-grained longitudinal analyses about which aspects of development tend to hang together or come apart, we can begin to meet the challenge of understanding what "nonnal" development, and hence normal variation, really is.
It should be noted that while each scene depicts clearly identifiable action(s), the child was free to 22 describe the scenes in any way that s/he wished. 108 children ranging in age from 3 to 11 participated in the study, as well as a sample of 24 undergraduates at UCSD. First, this procedure was indeed successful at eliciting passives in even three-year-old children. For example, 67% of the three-year-olds produced at least one passive in response to a probe about the patient. Thus, the results confirm past findings that children can produce passives fairly early in development.
Acquired Aphasia in Children: Acquisition and Breakdown of Language in the Developing Brain by Isabel Pavão Martins, A. Castro-Caldas, Hugo R. van Dongen, Anne van Hout