By Stela Manova
This quantity advances our realizing of the way note constitution by way of affix ordering is geared up within the languages of the area. A relevant factor in linguistic thought, affix ordering gets a lot recognition among the learn neighborhood, even though so much reviews care for just one language. in contrast, nearly all of the chapters during this quantity reflect on a couple of language and supply facts from typologically different languages, a few of that are tested for the 1st time. Many chapters specialise in situations of affix ordering that problem linguistic thought with such phenomena as affix repetition and variable ordering, either one of that are proven to be neither infrequent nor ordinary purely of lesser-studied languages with risky grammatical association, as formerly assumed. The publication additionally deals an particular dialogue at the non-existence of phonological affix ordering, with a spotlight on cellular affixation, and one at the emergence of affix ordering in baby language, the 1st of its variety within the literature. Repetitive operations, bad in lots of theories, are widespread in early baby language and appear to function trainings for morphological decomposition and affix stacking. therefore, the quantity additionally increases vital questions concerning the common structure of grammar and the character and negative effects of our theoretical assumptions.
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Additional info for Affix Ordering Across Languages and Frameworks
Neither Alim nor Farida did anything. 2. Alim failed to make Farida tear a thread. 3. Farida tried to tear a thread on Alim’s order but did not succeed. 4. Alim made Farida not tear a thread. 1), the sentence conveys that no subevent of the whole complex event has occurred. 2), the causing subevent escapes from the scope of negation, and Alim performs some causing activity that, however, does not bring about tearing of the thread. 3), both causing subevent and tearing activity occur, and what is negated is a change of state of the theme.
Recursive Passivization (36) cojun tol-un-ma-dı. ’ 1. No filling activity has occurred. 2. Someone started filling the pot but has not finished. Causatives of unergatives are ambiguous under negation, too, but in a considerably different way. 1): neither causing nor caused subevents occur. The second interpretation involves the causer’s activity that fails to bring about the caused subevent. 2). However, causatives of unergatives allow for one more option not available for causatives of unaccusatives.
48) shows the type of ambiguity characteristic of a configuration that involves three subevents, Alim’s jumping, X’s making Alim jump, and Y’s making X make Alim jump. Depending on whether Kerim, the causer introduced by the by-phrase, is identified with X or with Y, two readings of (48) obtain. As we know from section 3, the passive morpheme, when combined with intransitives, induces causative coercion, (22), repeated as (49): (49) -l-PASS (Vintrans) → -l-PASS (CAUS(Vintrans)) In (49), covert causativization creates a transitive structure [CAUS(Vintrans)]trans required by the passive.
Affix Ordering Across Languages and Frameworks by Stela Manova