By Brigitte Bauer
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TRENDS IN LINGUISTICS considers itself a discussion board for state of the art study in accordance with good empirical info on language in its numerous manifestations, together with signal languages. It regards linguistic edition in its synchronic and diachronic dimensions in addition to in its social contexts as vital assets of perception for a greater figuring out of the layout of linguistic platforms and the ecology and evolution of language.
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Extra info for Archaic Syntax in Indo-European: The Spread of Transitivity in Latin and French
Yet he also explicitly drew a parallel with American Indian languages, such as Dakota (cf. also Uhlenbeck 1916b), where- in contrast to ergative languages - transitivity is not a grammatical feature. Moreover, he characterized neuter nouns as typically referring to "leblose Dinge" (1901:171). " We owe their identification as a distinct type of language to Sapir as was noted in the previous chapter. Today, many years later, the discussion about the typology of early Proto-Indo-European still focuses on the ergativity hypothesis.
Active origins of Proto-Indo-European has in fact its roots in the early scholarly confrontation between Uhlenbeck (1916b) and Sapir (1917a), who discussed the specific characteristics of the verb in Indian languages of North America. In his 1916 article Uhlenbeck examined (1) the morphological parallel in Algonkin between intransitive verb forms featuring a third person subject and transitive verb forms featuring a third person object on the one hand; and (2) the patterns of [animacy] agreement in transitive and intransitive paradigms.
G. Hittite wes, Sanskrit vayam, Gothic weis, and Old Slavonic ve. The root is related by some to second plural paradigms in Latin (vos), Slavic (vy), Sanskrit (accusative: vas), and Gothic (iz-wis) (Prokosch 1939:282). In addition the second plural is also expressed by a particle *ju, which is attested in Hittiteyw(s), Sanskrityuyam, and Greek ύμμε(<ιΐ5-ηΐ€) (cf. Prokosch 1939:282; Sturtevant 1951:102). e. inclusive vs. exclusive] existed in primitive Indo-European, and that the development of the contrast between the 1st and 2nd person differed somewhat in the various languages" (1939:282).
Archaic Syntax in Indo-European: The Spread of Transitivity in Latin and French by Brigitte Bauer