By Florent Perek
The argument constitution of verbs, outlined because the a part of grammar that bargains with how contributors in verbal occasions are expressed in clauses, is a classical subject in linguistics that has bought huge recognition within the literature. This ebook investigates argument constitution in English from a usage-based point of view, taking the view that the cognitive illustration of grammar is formed via language use, and that the most important features of grammatical association are tied to the frequency with which phrases and syntactic structures are used. at the foundation of numerous case stories combining quantitative corpus experiences and psycholinguistic experiments, it's proven how a usage-based strategy sheds new mild on a few matters in argument consciousness and provides frequency-based factors for its organizing ideas at 3 degrees of generality: verbs, structures, and argument constitution alternations.
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Additional info for Argument Structure in Usage-Based Construction Grammar: Experimental and corpus-based perspectives
Profile) different parts of it. Similarly, the agent nominalization seller differs from its verbal root sell in that it profiles a particular frame element in the commercial transaction frame, while sell profiles the relation between frame elements itself. Profiling is lexically determined and can largely be arbitrary; at any rate, it is a necessary part of a word’s meaning. In the case of verbs, it is possible that profiling includes only a subset of the participants involved in the semantic frame, leaving the others in the background.
14) a. They foraged for food (in the woods). b. They foraged in the woods. Such differences are not expected if verbs are taken to equally profile all frame elements. Moreover, it appears that for many frames, uses of a verb with all frame elements expressed are actually very uncommon. â•‡ Usage-based perspectives on verb valency goods, and money), examination of corpus data from both British and American English (cf. 2) reveals that uses of the verbs buy, pay, and sell (evoking this frame) with all four frame elements (as exemplified by  below) account for less than 5% (and in most cases less than 1%) of the distribution of these verbs.
The only exception to this principle is when the combination of a verb with an argument structure construction involves participant roles that are not part of the verb’s valency slots, like in the creative uses listed in Example (8) (cf. â•›22). Under this account, the grammar of verbs relies on a great deal of item-specific knowledge, which is argued to be indispensable in order to capture the many idiosyncrasies of individual verbs. Correspondingly, the role of argument structure constructions is substantially reduced, as they are restricted to account for creative uses.
Argument Structure in Usage-Based Construction Grammar: Experimental and corpus-based perspectives by Florent Perek