Daniel L. Schacter, George P. Prigatano's Awareness of Deficit after Brain Injury: Clinical and PDF

By Daniel L. Schacter, George P. Prigatano

ISBN-10: 0195059417

ISBN-13: 9780195059410

This quantity offers, for the 1st time, multidisciplinary views at the challenge of understanding of deficits following mind harm. Such deficits could contain belief, realization, reminiscence, language, or motor features, they usually can heavily disrupt an individual's skill to operate. despite the fact that, a few brain-damaged sufferers are totally blind to the lifestyles or severity in their deficits, even if they're simply spotted via others. In addressing those subject matters, individuals conceal the complete diversity of neuropsychological syndromes during which issues of understanding of deficit are saw: hemiplegia and hemianopia, amnesia, aphasia, worrying head harm, dementia, and others. at the scientific facet, prime researchers delineate the results of wisdom of deficits for rehabilitation and sufferer administration, and the function of protection mechanisms similar to denial. Theoretical discussions specialise in the significance of know-how disturbances for greater figuring out such cognitive strategies as realization, awareness, and tracking.

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Extra resources for Awareness of Deficit after Brain Injury: Clinical and Theoretical Issues

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This foolish woman has suddenly lost her sight. Incredible as it might appear, what I am going to tell you is true: She does not know she is blind. Therefore, again and again she asks her guardian to take her elsewhere. "2 Almost 2000 years were to elapse before von Monakow (1885) reported a similar observation in a 70-year-old patient with bilateral extensive damage to the posterior regions of the brain. Although in retrospect this patient's symptoms were somewhat unclear, they seemed to include loss of sight, of which the patient was not aware and which, like Harpastes, he attributed to ambiental darkness.

To the examiner. The content of delusional beliefs may be utterly bizarre: The patient may claim that the contralesional arm belongs to a fellow patient previously transported by ambulance, or that it had been forgotten in the bed by a previous patient. Sometimes the patients have a tolerant attitude to the repudiated limbs, whereas in other instances they are irritated by their presence and insist on having them taken away. In some cases, albeit infrequently, there is furious hatred toward the alien limbs, and even physical violence may be observed.

The spatially ordered transition from a "true" belief relative to her shoulder to a "false" belief relative to her hand, through the intermediate attitude of doubt or suspicion concerning her elbow and forearm. The first, self-suggesting move in trying to explain the patient's behavior is in terms of a proximal-to-distal decreasing degree of bilateral cortical representation of the upper limb. However plausible, this explanation fails to account for the most astonishing fact: the denial of ownership of a limb, which flies in the face of all visual evidence.

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Awareness of Deficit after Brain Injury: Clinical and Theoretical Issues by Daniel L. Schacter, George P. Prigatano

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