By Alena Heitlinger
This learn assesses the comparison among regulations selling women's equality and the reversal of fertility decline. in keeping with comparative info from Canada, Australia, Britain and to a extra restricted volume the U.S., Alena Heitlinger examines the impression of significant overseas tools selling women's equality, and nationwide similarities and transformations in women's coverage equipment, provision for maternity and childcare, economic guidance for households with kids, and the prices and merits of fertility-related measures vis-a-vis immigration-related measures. different titles through Heitlinger contain "Women and nation Socialism" and "Reproduction, medication and the Socialist State".
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This research assesses the comparison among regulations selling women's equality and the reversal of fertility decline. in line with comparative facts from Canada, Australia, Britain and to a extra restricted quantity the USA, Alena Heitlinger examines the effect of significant foreign tools selling women's equality, and nationwide similarities and changes in women's coverage equipment, provision for maternity and childcare, monetary counsel for households with youngsters, and the prices and merits of fertility-related measures vis-a-vis immigration-related measures.
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Additional info for Women's Equality, Demography and Public Policies: A Comparative Perspective
What is important is the effects of the action, not the intention. Like 'affirmative action', the concept of indirect discrimination was first developed in the United States, but it has now been adopted in a number of other jurisdictions, including the United Kingdom, Canada, the European Community and Australia. However, the precise legal meaning of the concept, and how it is to be proven and defended, has not yet emerged. In an effort to clarify the issue, the European Commission asked a special network of expert lawyers from member states to draw up a typology of practices of indirect discrimination which could ultimately lead to a definition of indirect discrimination.
The latter ensures that equity programmes do not transgress without union 40 Women's Equality, Demography and Public Policies consent on issues which are directly industrial or industrially sensitive, such as criteria for promotion, the redesign of jobs and manual handling (Kramar, 1988). Needless to say, some good polices on occupational health and safety issues, parental leave, equal pay, work conditions, and promotion and training packages have emerged out of collective bargaining and union involvement in affirmative action programmes, benefiting large numbers of women (Kramar, 1988; White, 1989).
Since full employment ended in the early 1970s, rising levels of unemployment (reaching close to 10 percent during recessions in 1983 and 1992) and marital dissolution have led to more poverty, which the 'wage-earner' welfare state is ill equipped to address (Mishra, 1990: 84). The 'rediscovery' of poverty in the 1960s and the subsequent restructuring of family benefits is discussed in Chapter 10. In 1983, the ALP was elected on a platform of prices and income accord with the trade union movement.
Women's Equality, Demography and Public Policies: A Comparative Perspective by Alena Heitlinger